What is MD-Preventive Oncology?
DM Preventive Oncological is a branch of cancer prevention that focuses on preventing the development of various forms of cancer. It consists of three major types of preventive methods, primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. The primary prevention method is aimed at the prevention of disease progression, while the secondary prevention method focuses on reducing risk of developing cancer by addressing preneoplastic lesions. Other forms of DM prevention involve interventions that are aimed at lowering the incidence of malignant transformation and decreasing the likelihood of recurrence.
Primary prevention aims to detect cancer before it develops into an advanced stage. Secondary prevention refers to finding and treating individuals who have the disease process, as early detection allows treatment to be more effective. There are three types of prevention methods: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and palliative care. The main goal of primary prevention is to prevent and cure disease in the person who has the disease. The second type of preventive medicine focuses on finding people who have the disease process, such as cancer.
Secondary prevention is aimed at detecting the disease process before it develops. The methods of secondary prevention include screening for diabetes, hypertension, and obesity and following USPSTF recommendations for cancer and other chronic diseases. Early diagnosis of the disease improves the chances of cure and lowers the amount of morbidity. There are many ways to prevent cancer and DM Preventive Oncology can help you.
Benefits of Preventive Oncology.
One of the primary objectives of the Health and Population 2020 strategy is to improve the quality of life for all people with diabetes. While diabetes is a chronic condition, the disease can be treated to improve its symptoms. It can also lead to cancer and other health issues, such as cardiovascular disease. Managing diabetes is important, as it helps prevent the development of new conditions and helps manage existing ones. There are many ways to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including adjusting your diet to include more exercise.
|MD/MS from a recognized university
|Performance in entrance test.
|INR 50,000 - 2 lacs
|Average Starting Salary
|INR 10 - 15 lacs
|Top Recruiting Organizations'
|Medanta Hospital, Apollo Super Speciality Hospital, AIIMS, GMC, etc.
|Top Recruiting Areas'
|Cancer Centers, Hospitals, Clinics, Research Centers, Academics, and such.
|Top Job Profiles
|Oncologist, Radiation Oncologist, Surgical oncologist, Chemotherapist
The syllabus for DM - Preventive Oncology varies from institution to institution. However, some of the common topics covered in the program include:
- Epidemiology of cancer
- Risk factors for cancer
- Screening for cancer
- Treatment of cancer
- Psychosocial aspects of cancer
- Cancer prevention research
The fee for DM - Preventive Oncology varies from institution to institution. However, the average fee for the program is around INR 2 lakhs per year.
The skills required for DM - Preventive Oncology include:
- Strong academic skills
- Excellent communication skills
- Ability to work independently and as part of a team
- Interest in research
The cut off for DM - Preventive Oncology varies from institution to institution. However, the average cut off for the program is around 60%.
There are a number of specializations available in DM - Preventive Oncology, including:
- Cancer Epidemiology
- Cancer Prevention
- Cancer Genetics
- Cancer Immunology
- Cancer Survivorship
Some of the top recruiters for DM - Preventive Oncology graduates include:
- Government agencies
- Research institutes
- Pharmaceutical companies
- Non-profit organizations
The salary for DM - Preventive Oncology graduates varies depending on their experience and the setting in which they work. However, the average salary for DM - Preventive Oncology graduates is around INR 10 lakhs per year.
Some of the job profiles available for DM - Preventive Oncology graduates include:
- Cancer epidemiologist
- Cancer prevention specialist
- Cancer researcher
- Cancer clinician
- Cancer educator
DM - Preventive Oncology graduates can work in a variety of settings, including:
- Research institutes
- Government agencies
- Pharmaceutical companies
- Non-profit organizations
Top Colleges in India
Some of the top colleges in India that offer DM - Preventive Oncology include:
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi
- National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research (NICPR), Mumbai
- Tata Memorial Centre (TMC), Mumbai
- Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh
- Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore
The fees for DM - Preventive Oncology vary from college to college. However, the average fees for the program are around INR 2 lakhs per year.
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects
There are many opportunities for a career in preventive oncology. As the number of cancer patients continues to rise, there is a need for more trained prevention scientists. While few people have thought about it, the ASCO Cancer Prevention Committee has identified a shortage of preventive oncologists. Fortunately, the field is thriving and there are many ways to make an impact.
The field of preventive oncology includes several areas. One of these is cancer epidemiology, which involves tracking trends in cancer incidence, conducting chemoprevention trials, and analyzing data on patient behaviors. Another area of focus is health behavior research, which involves the development of theories and rigorous measurement. Among the many areas of preventive oncology, symptom management and control are important. These areas include characterizing behavioral comorbidities in cancer patients and developing novel pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments.
A variety of other careers are available in the field. The majority of oncologists work long hours and may travel between hospital and office locations. They may also be required to make emergency visits and respond to patients' concerns over the phone. As a result, oncologists often work in a fast-paced environment and are expected to work long hours. There are many opportunities for advancement in the field of preventive oncology.
Admission Process For DM - Preventive Oncology
In most of the colleges and institutes offering the course, admission is provided based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance test, such as NEET PG, conducted at the national level, followed by a subsequent round of counseling.
The admission process for DM - Preventive Oncology varies from college to college. However, the common steps involved in the admission process include:
- Submission of application form
- Payment of application fee
- Merit list
The application process for these entrance exams varies from exam to exam. However, the common steps involved in the application process include:
- Visiting the official website of the exam conducting body
- Downloading the application form
- Filling the application form
- Attaching the required documents
- Paying the application fee
- Submitting the application form
Eligibility Criteria for DM - Preventive Oncology
Candidates aspiring for admission to the course are required to fulfill the following minimum eligibility criteria:-
- Post-graduation (DM), completed from an institute recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI) or any of the State Medical Councils.
- A minimum of 55% (50% for SC/ST/OBC candidates) at the level of post-graduation.
- 1-year compulsory rotating internship.
- Minimum 12 months of professional experience, as most reputed institutes prefer candidates with work experience.
Entrance exam. for DM - Preventive Oncology
There are several National level and University level admission entrance tests that the marks of these entrances serve as Merit for admissions to such colleges.
- NEET-SS (Super Specialty): This is a national-level entrance exam conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE). The exam is for admission into postgraduate medical courses, including DM - Preventive Oncology.
- AIIMS PG: This is an entrance exam conducted by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) for admission into postgraduate medical courses, including DM - Preventive Oncology.
- PGIMER: This is an entrance exam conducted by the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) for admission into postgraduate medical courses, including DM - Preventive Oncology.
Entrance Exam Events and Dates.
|September 11, 2021
|July 22, 2021
Preparation tips for DM - Preventive Oncology?
The fundamental components of the teaching program should include:
1. Case presentations & discussion- once a week
2. Seminar – Once a week
3. Journal club- Once a week
4. Grand round presentation (by rotation departments and subspecialties)- once a week
5. Faculty lecture teaching- once a month
6. Clinical Audit-Once a Month
7. A poster and have one oral presentation at least once during their training period in a recognized conference.
The rounds should include bedside sessions, file rounds & documentation of case history and examination, progress notes, round discussions, investigations and management plan) interesting and difficult case unit discussions.
The training program would focus on knowledge, skills and attitudes (behavior), all essential components of education. It is being divided into theoretical, clinical and practical in all aspects of the delivery of the rehabilitative care, including methodology of research and teaching.
Theoretical: The theoretical knowledge would be imparted to the candidates through discussions, journal clubs, symposia and seminars. The students are exposed to recent advances through discussions in journal clubs. These are considered necessary in view of an inadequate exposure to the subject in the undergraduate curriculum.
Symposia: Trainees would be required to present a minimum of 20 topics based on the curriculum in a period of three years to the combined class of teachers and students. A free discussion would be encouraged in these symposia. The topics of the symposia would be given to the trainees with the dates for presentation.
Clinical: The trainee would be attached to a faculty member to be able to pick up methods of history taking, examination, prescription writing and management in rehabilitation practice.
Bedside: The trainee would work up cases, learn management of cases by discussion with faculty of the department.
Journal Clubs: This would be a weekly academic exercise. A list of suggested Journals is given towards the end of this document. The candidate would summarize and discuss the scientific article critically. A faculty member will suggest the article and moderate the discussion, with participation by other faculty members and resident doctors. The contributions made by the article in furtherance of the scientific knowledge and limitations, if any, will be highlighted.
Research: The student would carry out the research project and write a thesis/ dissertation in accordance with NBE guidelines. He/ she would also be given exposure to partake in the research projects going on in the departments to learn their planning, methodology and execution so as to learn various aspects of research.
THESIS PROTOCOL & THESIS:-The protocol for a research proposal (including thesis) is a study plan, designed to describe the background, research question, aim and objectives, and detailed methodology of the study. In other words, the protocol is the ‘operating manual’ to refer to while conducting a particular study
The candidate should refer to the NBE Guidelines for preparation and submission of Thesis Protocol before the writing phase commences. The minimum writing requirements are that the language should be clear, concise, precise and consistent without excessive adjectives or adverbs and long sentences. There should not be any redundancy in the presentation.