Bachelor Of Medicine, Bachelor Of Surgery.(MBBS)

Elegliblity | Course Fee | Course Duration | Entrance Exams

MBBS in India

What is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery [MBBS]?

MBBS course in India can be completed in 5.5 years. It includes 4.5 years of academic education and 1 year of mandatory internship. Students who have completed 12th with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as the mandatory subjects are eligible to apply for the MBBS course. Moreover, students need to undertake certain medical examinations to get admission in one of the universities.

The number of Indian students who undertake medical examination keeps on increasing each year. According to reports, the number of students appearing for NEET increase every year. Figures reveal the tough competition that Indian medical aspirants have to face to get into the medical colleges.

In India, there is a lot of competition for MBBS seats in government medical colleges due to the subsidised fee structure. The average or minimum fee for MBBS course in government medical colleges is around INR 10,000 per annum. Students with top NEET ranks have chances to get admission in government medical colleges. Apart from government MBBS colleges, there are a number of top private MBBS colleges in India that offer good quality education to students. However, the minimum fee structure of private MBBS colleges in India is around Rs. 4,00,000.

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery [MBBS] - Latest Notifications

  • 26 May, 2023 : Expected Cut off of NEET 2023, Check Here
  • 08 May, 2023 : IPU CET 2023 Expected to be Held From May 30 to June 15; Check Official Notice Here
  • 15 March, 2023 : Teerthanker Mahaveer University Admission 2023 Open for UG, PG, Diploma and Integrated Programmes; Check Details Here

MBBS has been abbreviated from the Latin word Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. It is a combination of 2 advanced medical undergraduate programs called Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.   

Check Out: Full Form of Medical Courses

MBBS Admission takes place through the NEET exam. Students must be above 17 years of age and have studied Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology as compulsory subjects in class 12 in order to qualify for the NEET Exam. Colleges start calling students according to their NEET scores. Students need to clear the NEET cut off to take admission to a college. 

See More: MBBS from AIIMS

MBBS Course duration is 5 years of studying 19 medical subjects followed by 6 months of internship. MBBS 1st year subjects include Anatomy, Biochemistry, and Physiology while 2nd-year MBBS subjects consist of 7 subjects. MBBS Syllabus includes core and elective subjects such as pharmacology, anatomy, pathology, community health, medicine, etc. Check: MBBS Abroad

MBBS fees range from INR 5,00,000 to INR 50,00,000 and after successful completion of MBBS candidates have several job opportunities after MBBS. They can practice as a doctor in private and government hospitals, railways, and armed forces. Students can even go for postgraduate medical degrees such as MD Medicine or pursue MBA after MBBS for better career opportunities. 

Highlights - MBBS

Course Name

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery










10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology


5.5 years

Average Fee

Rs. 71,000 to Rs.2,100,000

Average Salary

Rs. 360,000 per annum

Career Opportunities

Physician, Doctor, Endocrinologist, Pathologist, Neurologist, Cardiologist, Gynaecologist

Top Recruiters

Apollo Group, Indian Nursing Council, Fortis Hospitals, Manipal Group, Medica

MBBS Fees Structure

MBBS fees vary depending on the college or university that you attend. Before enrolling in any particular college, students should check the MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery fees structure. The average MBBS fees is Rs. 5 lakhs.

Why Choose MBBS?

MBBS is a highly competitive programme as the admissions are offered on the basis of rank acquired in the NEET examination. Lakhs of students appear every year in the NEET examination for MBBS admission. Several students take a year off from their academic year to prepare for the NEET examination to get admission to prestigious medical colleges in India.

Students need to appear for the NEET counseling process once they get the required marks for admission. Successful completion of an MBBS course opens numerous opportunities for a medical career in the healthcare industry. Candidates can opt for an MS, MD, or DNB in any related specialization after successful completion of an MBBS programme. They can opt for numerous careers such as general surgeon, endocrinologist, pathologist, neurologist, physician, ENT specialist, cardiologist, and oncologist.

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Skills Required for MBBS Degree

Candidates must possess certain skills in order to get the most out of their MBBS degree programme. After earning MBBS degree, students will need the following skill sets to advance in the career:

Patience Physical Strength
Communication Skills Attention to Detail
Critical Thinking Empathy

MBBS Cut off

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS cut-off is used to determine the student's merit for admission in the MBBS degree programme. For MBBS degree programme, NEET cut off is the main criteria that every medical college accept for the MBBS admission process. MBBS cutoff is based on the number of students appearing for the NEET examination, and the difficulty level of the NEET question paper.

Browse Medical Colleges Accepting NEET

CMC Vellore

KMC Manipal

KMC Mangalore

MS Ramaiah Medical College Bangalore

St Johns Medical College Bangalore


KPC Medical College and Hospital, Jadavpur Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

MBBS Syllabus

In this section, we have provided the a common MBBS syllabus which is used by many medical colleges in India. The MBBS syllabus is devided into five years and also required to pursue one year rotary internship. We have mentioned below MBBS subjects.


Fundamentals of Disease and Treatment

Locomotor System

Introduction to Medical Practice I

Introduction to Molecular Medicine

Cell Biology

Introduction of Embryology and Histology


Health and the Environment

Neuroscience 1 (Peripheral System)

Basic Haematology

Respiratory System

Healthcare Concepts



General Pathology

Environmental Pathology


Nutrition Disorders

Hereditary Disorder



Systemic Pathology

Alimentary System


Common Symptoms and Signs

Cardiovascular System



Special Pathology

Growth Disturbance and Neoplasia

Clinical Pathology


General Pathology



Epidemiology of communicable diseases

Reproductive and child health

Epidemiology of non‐communicable diseases



Infectious disease

Diseases of the immune system, connective tissue, and joints

Nutritional disease

Hematology and Oncology

Geriatric disease



Endocrine disease

Brain Death, Organ donation, Organ preservation

Metabolic and Bone disease

Nervous system

Emergency medicine and critical care



Nervous system

Environmental disorders, poisoning and snake bite

Kidney disease

Emergency medicine and critical care

Also Read:

  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
  • BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
  • BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)

Top MBBS Colleges by Locations

A number of Indian universities offer a MBBS degree. Students are admitted to the MBBS degree based on their academic performance and admission exam results. Here is a list of the MBBS degree institutes in India's major cities.

M.B.B.S. Colleges in Chennai M.B.B.S. Colleges in Bangalore
M.B.B.S. Colleges in New Delhi M.B.B.S. Colleges in Hyderabad
M.B.B.S. Colleges in Kolkata M.B.B.S. Colleges in Bhopal
M.B.B.S. Colleges in Patna M.B.B.S. Colleges in Mumbai
M.B.B.S. Colleges in Ahmedabad M.B.B.S. Colleges in Jaipur

MBBS Specializations

The university aims to provide all MBBS students with a modern, growth-driven education through its MBBS degree programs. A Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery degree allow the graduates eligible for the market in the world's current scenario. Throughout India, there is a tremendous demand in the medical industry among medical practitioners as there are fewer employment opportunities in the marketplace and the number of doctors is much greater than it is. Earning an MBBS course offers students the opportunity to achieve their objectives in the medical and healthcare industries.


General Medicine


General Surgery


Obstetrics & Gynaecology


ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat)



What after MBBS?

In the healthcare industry, Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery students are highly focused. MBBS students have employment opportunities in both the government and private sectors. For these specialists, there are more than enough jobs available in the fields of biomedical companies, medical centres, healthcare facilities, laboratories, emergency rooms, community health centres, and private practice. There seem to be a number of choices available for students after MBBS course with both the development and commercialization of the healthcare industry.

MBBS is a medical degree on its own that enables graduates to prescribe drugs, and most participants choose to obtain a master's degree in this area to become known physicians. The major recruitment agencies for MBBS candidates are Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd, Medanta Hospitals, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Fortis Healthcare Ltd, and Cipla Ltd, with positions available like Anesthetist, Cardiologist.

Other Popular Medical Degrees

  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • M.CH (Master of Chirurgiae)
  • MD (Doctor of Medicine)
  • MDS (Master of Dental Surgery)

Careers Opportunities after MBBS

In this section, we have discussed some of the career opportunities after MBBS degree.

Doctor: Doctor is medical professional who work in various healthcare setting and provides surgical, therapeutic and medicinal care to patients. He or she diagnoses, examines and identifies the illness, diseases and checks the medical history of a patient and also prescribes various tests to provide accurate medications. For becoming a doctor, students can pursue MBBS degree programme and then they can also do specialization in postgraduate degree programme.

Medical Officers: Medical officers are also regarded as chief medical officers are doctors who are mainly in charge of clinics. Such physicians strongly recommend as well as provide medical assistance, problem detection, and instruction on medical conditions and illness control. This profession is one of the best career options for MBBS graduates. Medical officers play an important role in supervising patient treatment and the duties of other medical professionals. When services are initially implemented, they can sometimes actively participate in the treatment. They may very well assist in assessing and diagnosing family and individual necessities and plans of treatment.

Surgeon: The surgeon is liable for the patient's essential diagnosis, conducting the surgery, and providing continuous medical care and treatment for the patient. The surgeon is one of the best career options after MBBS. The surgeon is often regarded as the surgical team leader. Medical surgeons work to ensure collaboration and coordination among all the other leaders of the surgical team, usually requiring another surgeon or an assistant to the surgeon, anesthesiologist, and nursing staff in the operating theatre. Patients are operated on by them to enhance or recover health, like repairing injury problems or preventing depression.

General Physician: MBBS degree graduates can begin their careers as a general physician who researches, diagnoses and treats, and cures patient diseases. General Physician is one of the best career options for MBBS graduates. A physician typically treats diseases in the early stage, but if the illness remains serious after identification, then perhaps the patient is referred to a specialised medical professional. General Physicians are professionally educated physicians who provide elderly patients with a variety of nonsurgical medical attention. They treat complicated, critical, or severe health issues, and they proceed to serve the patient unless they have treated or healed such complications.

Paediatrician: A medical practitioner is in charge of treating kids with the disease and diagnoses their overall development and growth. In order to test and monitor the health and regular physical performance, paediatricians perform regular detailed tests on babies and young children and observe children to evaluate their health and inquire questions to collect knowledge regarding complications. They prescribe medicine and provide specific guidance about how to take it.

Top Recruiters

Some of the top recruiters that hire MBBS graduates are mentioned below:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Apollo Group
  • Indian Nursing Council
  • Fortis Hospitals
  • Manipal Group
  • Medica

Salary after MBBS Degree

The average salary of MBBS gradutes varies depending on different factors. The variation may vary due to the sector and firm of employment and the candidate's dedication and experience in the workplace. Below, we have mentioned the salary after MBBS degree:

Job Profiles

Average Salary


Rs. 5.4 LPA

Medical Officer

Rs. 5.2 LPA


Rs. 10.8 LPA

General Physician

Rs. 7.2 LPA


Rs. 8 LPA

Employment Areas

MBBS graduates can join hospitals, other healthcare facilities, universities. Students who have pursued MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, can also practice individually. Some of the employment areas for MBBS graduates are:

  • Hospitals
  • Healthcare facilities
  • Universities
  • Individual Practice

Top Private MBBS Colleges in India

In India there are a number of private MBBS colleges. Private universities are significantly more expensive than public universities. Some of the top private MBBS Colleges and also MBBS fees are discussed below:



ACMS Delhi

Rs. 20.57 Lakhs

AIMS Mandya


AIMS Thrissur

Rs. 32.10 Lakhs

ARMCH Solapur

Rs. 36 Lakhs

AVMC Puducherry

Rs. 87.77 Lakhs

BMC Hyderabad


BMCH Chitradurga

Rs. 31.30 Lakhs


Rs. 108.38 Lakhs

CMC Ludhiana


CMC Vellore


Top Government MBBS Colleges in India

Attending a government-run college is less expensive than attending a private college. These colleges are well-known for their high academic standards throughout India. The following are some of the best government MBBS colleges and also MBBS fees:





AIIMS Bhopal

Rs. 13,720

AIIMS Bhubaneswar

Rs. 13,720



AIIMS Deoghar

Rs. 6,880

AIIMS Jodhpur

Rs. 13,720

AIIMS Nagpur


AKU Patna


ANIIMS Port Blair

Rs. 6.04 Lakhs


Rs. 47,500

Top MBBS Colleges by States

MBBS graduates have a lot of career opportunities in the future. The top MBBS degree institutes in each of the following states are listed below:

M.B.B.S. Colleges in Karnataka M.B.B.S. Colleges in Maharashtra
M.B.B.S. Colleges in Tamil Nadu M.B.B.S. Colleges in Uttar Pradesh
M.B.B.S. Colleges in Kerala M.B.B.S. Colleges in Andhra Pradesh
M.B.B.S. Colleges in Gujarat M.B.B.S. Colleges in Madhya Pradesh
M.B.B.S. Colleges in Telangana M.B.B.S. Colleges in Rajasthan

Browse Medical Colleges by Cities

Medical Colleges in Bangalore Medical Colleges in Jaipur
Medical Colleges in Chennai Medical Colleges in Delhi
Medical Colleges in Kolkata Medical Colleges in Mumbai
Medical Colleges in Bhopal Medical Colleges in Coimbatore
Medical Colleges in Pune Medical Colleges in Hyderabad

Browse Medical Colleges by States

Medical Colleges in Uttar Pradesh

Medical Colleges in Kerala

Medical Colleges in Tamil Nadu

Medical Colleges in Madhya Pradesh

Medical Colleges in Maharashtra

Medical Colleges in Gujarat

Medical Colleges in Delhi

Medical Colleges in Punjab

Medical Colleges in Karnataka

Medical Colleges in Andhra Pradesh

Important Tips: Before Taking MBBS Admission in Abroad

Taking admission to MBBS degree is no less than a prestige. Therefore selecting a good medical university for the same is very much important. Keep these important points in mind before taking MBBS admission in Abroad:

  • Select the best overseas education consultant who guides you correctly for country and university selection.
  • Never pay any kind of consultancy service charges in advance ( only pay fees for university applications).
  • Look out for medical universities NMC approved & WHO-accredited or not.
  • Always choose "A" grade universities while choosing the university to study MBBS in abroad.
  • Check the duration of the course.
  • Some universities provide a scholarship to study MBBS. Hence, apply on time to grab them.
  • Availability of education loan.
  • The language of MBBS program. If your are belonging from India, you should check whether the universities offering the MBBS program in English or not.

Eligibility Criteria to Study MBBS in Abroad

Indian students need to fit in the eligibility criteria set by the National Medical Commission and respective medical universities.

  • The age of an Indian student willing to take admission to MBBS in Abroad should be at least of 17 years and maximum of 25 years old on or before the admission date or the 31st December of the admission year.
  • Students must have cleared the HSC exam with minimum of 50% marks. (45% for SC/ST/OBC)
  • For some of the foreign universities IELTS/TOEFL exams are required to be cleared with eligible score. Though this is not compulsory for all the universities.
  • Candidate must clear the NEET exam with eligible score to take admission to MBBS in foreign universities.
  • Candidate must have completed Higher secondary level education with compulsory Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English subjects.

Age Requirement for MBBS in Abroad

  • Minimum Age: To study MBBS abroad the student must have completed at least 17 years on or before 31st December of the admission year.
  • Maximum Age: The age of the students must not exclude 25 years on or before 31st December of the admission year.

Required Documents for NMC Eligibility Universities

Before taking admission to MBBS in any university of abroad, Indian students need to have these documents ready. Some countries also need these documents to be translated in their national languages. Ex. Ukraine, Poland.

  • 10th & 12th mark sheet
  • 4 color photos
  • Admission letter
  • Caste certificate ( if required)
  • Medical certificate
  • Birth certificate
  • HIV report negative
  • Health insurance
  • Students visa
  • Valid passport with minimum of one year validity
  • NEET score card
  • IELTS/TOEFL score cards if necessary.

Entrance Exam Required to Study MBBS in Abroad

An entrance exam is required for candidates for the MBBS course. In addition to these exams, other universities may hold their own set of entrance exams for admission to the MBBS course. Among these are:

Name of Exam Full-Form
NEET UG National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Undergraduate
AIIMS MBBS All India Institute of Medical Sciences MBBS Entrance Examination
AFMC MBBS Armed Forces Medical College Admission
JIPMER Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research
CMC Vellore MBBS CMC Vellore MBBS/BDS Admissions
John's Medical Entrance Test St John's MBBS
Indraprastha University MBBS IPU MBBS
Annamalai University All India Medical Entrance Exam AU AIMEE
Delhi University MBBS DU MBBS
Aligarh Muslim University Medical Entrance Exam AMU MBBS
Amrita Medical Entrance Exam Amrita MBBS

A Quick Glance At The MBBS Entrance Exam

The top MBBS colleges in India hold entrance exams to determine the final merit list. The MBBS exam is used to determine a candidate's merit for admission. The entrance exam cut-offs vary by university and are available online with MBBS course details.

The following is a summary of the MBBS entrance exam:

  • Typically, the entrance exam is taken offline.
  • The exam will take approximately 3 hours to complete.
  • The questions are objective.
  • The purpose of the exam is to assess qualitative ability, data interpretation, and knowledge of the subject.

Read More: MBBS Entrance Exams


National Testing Agency or NTA conducts NEET. Approximately 13.26 Lakh students appear in the exam every year, conducted in different centers in different cities. Following is the admission process for NEET-UG: 

  • Candidates need to fill out the application form from the NTA website, clarifying all the eligibility criteria. Then download the admit card when available.
  • Students then need to head toward their respective allotted centers with proper documents and admit cards.
  • The conducting authority will share the exam merit list based on which students have to opt for AIQ or state quota to apply for medical colleges in India.
  • After releasing AIQ and the state merit list, one can fill out counseling forms from different colleges of their choice.
  • The mock seat allotment process will be done to check whether students have got their preferred seats or not. Then students need to lock their choices of preferred college.

Best study tips for MBBS students:-

While opting for mbbs, the choice of college matters a lot. India has numerous medical colleges across the country but mbbs colleges in Haryana are good and train the professionals to perfection.

Opting for the mbbs course involves a huge investment of time and resources if you wish to get the most out of this course. Though you have undergone several exams at an undergraduate level, going for mbbs requires another level of hard work, organization, and a skilful approach. So even if you are passionate about studying medicine, student life can be overwhelming and at times stressful. You must learn how to work under pressure and prepare yourself for situations right from the beginning. Well, as an mbbs student, you need to be prepared to achieve perfection and become a highly trained doctor. We are sharing some expert level study tips for mbbs students –

  • Have a study timetable and study smart– mbbs is a tough course and it’s not a child’s play to assume the role and responsibility of being a doctor. Some students prefer group study sessions whereas others like to study alone to avoid distractions. Group study is a better way as everyone has their way of collating information and organize their study materials, which offer variety and vast information. But you must have your own timetable and indulge in smart study as per your preferences.
  • The hardest topics should be taken when you are fresh– you would be surprised to know that most of the mbbs students and doctors feel that the first year of mbbs has been the toughest. Almost all the subjects are new and even the approach and way of studying is different. So, expert academicians recommend that you choose tough topics like anatomy, forensic medicine very first and devote more time in understanding them.
  • Get adequate sleep- while concentrating on your study material, do not sleep deprive yourself. As a medical student, you should know the importance of sleep. If you sleep well, it will cognitively boost up your health and will help you study better, keep you healthy, happy, and motivated all the time.
  • Practice previous year’s exam papers- all the students preparing for mbbs should practice previous year’s question papers for preparation so that they get experience and a fair idea as to what type of questions will be hurled upon them during exams.
  • Consult your mentors– professors and teaching faculty are the mentors who can be reached out from time to time for guidance during your medical studies. They have their own experience and information and they listen to your difficulties and encourage you to trust your ideas as they can relate to your struggles. They will also advise you to read plenty of medical blogs and articles, which can be helpful in the future.
  • Take a day out for relaxation-lot of hard work and commitment is required to become a competent doctor. Studying 24*7 will leave the students burned out and depressed. Regular hospital shifts along with studying will teach you a lot but relaxing your mind is equally important and is required to keep you fresh. Having a day out with your friends and family will keep you charged and motivated.

To conclude, we can say that if you want to be successful, reviewing study material at regular intervals is a must. Hard work, proper work ethics, and confidence are important aspects and every medical student has them. What is more important is to organize your study methods and opt for the best mbbs colleges in Haryana to make a great career as a doctor.

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